Resources - Research Reports

Research Reports are indepth, often quantitative reports around our various programme areas.

Category: Race, Xenophobia and Ethnicity [REMOVE]

Reporting on Children - Is the coverage getting any better? Is there something to be glad about?

On the 17th of July 2012, MMA released two reports on the coverage of children in South African and Zambian media. While there are general improvements in how children are represented in the media since 2003 when MMA started its research, the report findings show that some areas demand the attention of journalists and editors.

Children’s Views Not in the News: Portrayal of Children in South African Print Media 2009

Monitoring conducted by Media Monitoring Africa (MMA) in 2003 as part of the Empowering Children & the Media (ECM) strategy showed that only 6% of all news included children. The latest data to emerge from the ECM reveals that representation of children has improved, marginally, to 8.4% of all news monitored in 2009. The monitoring shows that not only are children’s issues frequently sidelined, but un-careful and unethical reporting often leads to further violations of their rights.

Race and Migration in the Community Media: Local stories, common stereotypes

In South Africa, racism and xenophobia, widely recognised as human rights violations, are particularly pertinent. A long history of institutionalised racism, most recently apartheid, saw the classification, segregation and discrimination of people along racial lines. It has shaped perceptions, attitudes, identities, and relationships, and left a legacy of inequality. In May 2008, xenophobia came starkly to the public’s attention, in the form of violence targeted at perceived “foreigners”, making local, national and international headlines. However, negative and discriminatory attitudes and behaviour towards migrants, or xenophobia, have long been documented as widespread and problematic in South Africa. Black immigrants in particular are victims of xenophobic attitudes and treatment.

For many South Africans, community and small commercial media are not only important sources of information for communities about issues affecting them, which may include racism and xenophobia, but also about “groups” of people that they may not come into contact with. While research has helped establish how the national and provincial media cover issues of race, racism, migrants and xenophobia, little information is available about coverage by community and small commercial media. To address this need, Media Monitoring Africa conducted research into how issues of race, ethnicity, migrants, racism and xenophobia are represented in community and small commercial newspapers.

Is media campaigning for ANC and COPE?: Election Report for week ending 28 March 2009

While it is reasonable to expect the ANC as the ruling party to receive greater attention in news coverage, information that is useful to citizens for enabling informed participation has been few and far between. The coverage has in fact often appeared as an extension of Political Advertisements, and should therefore be far more limited in number and extent. This argument can also be extended to the attention received by other parties, with coverage exhibiting a bias towards the new party Cope at the expense of other more established parties.

Shades of Prejudice: An investigation into the SA media’s coverage of racial violence and xenophobia

The research undertaken by the Media Monitoring Project (MMP) on behalf of CSVR has revealed that media interest in issues of race and racism did not end with the dismantling of formal institutional apartheid. However, the focus of media discourse on race and racism has shifted to new manifestations of racism, such as racism within political discourse and xenophobia.

Revealing Race: an analysis of the coverage of race and xenophobia in the SA print media

This report forms part of the broader “Revealing Race Project” of the Media Monitoring Project (MMP) funded by the Mott Foundation. The report reveals the results of the monitoring of a sample of Gauteng-based print media undertaken by the MMP from January to May 2006 on the representation of issues of race, ethnicity and xenophobia in the selected mediums.

The News in Black and White: An Investigation into Racial Stereotyping in the Media

The methodology used in this study was deliberately chosen to achieve two main ends: first and foremost to reveal the extent to which racial stereotypes occur in the South African media. But secondly to act as a constructive critique of the media rather than pose a threat to its independence.

The monitoring revealed some interesting results which over the six week period suggested certain significant patterns of reporting. In many cases as with reporting of crime and of Africa, the negativity we have found associated with them seemed obvious and yet the racial element of many of these reports has needed to be recognised so that it can be challenged.

Radio News Diversity Project

Diversity in media content, especially that of news and information programmes is crucial. The media, as a primary source of news and information in our society does have a large role in influencing the political, social and cultural agenda’s of the country. A limited range of news and information necessarily limits the diversity of information available to the public who as voters and tax payers have the right to be informed in order to make decisions in their lives.

Since the IBA’s inception in 1994, the licensing of new community and private radio stations has been widely welcomed as an indicator of the greater diversity of information and entertainment available to listeners. In terms of their licence conditions all stations licensed by the IBA have had to provide regular news bulletins and information programmes as part of their line-up, and the expectation has been that this would result in a wider and more diverse range of news stories, sources and areas of reporting. By providing news and information, the IBA hoped to ensure that all radio stations served the public’s information needs. Thus the IBA, through the community licences it issued attempted to allow as diverse a range of radio stations as possible, with the aim that these would provide a varied and valuable source of information and entertainment to the South African public.

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